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Famous Carnatic Composers - PT


Periyasaami Tooran - Born at Modakurichi in Coimbatore district of Palanivelappa Gounder and Paavaathal, he was a born teacher, patriot and a composer of merit. He was greatly influenced and inspired by Mahakavi Subramania Bharati. He declined to sit for his examination for Bachelor of Arts shocked by the execution of the immortal Bhagat Singh, a prince among patriots by the British. Thooran qualified later passing B.A., L.T. A voracious writer, he composed over six hundred songs on national, spiritual and moral issues. He wote 'a poem a day' for several years after his daily poojahs. His song 'Adu Ratte' was a clarion patriotic call which was widely in current use during the Freedom Struggle. He became popular and the melody queen N.C.Vasanthakokilam included this piece in her cocnerts invariably. A precocious child and later a man with noble ideals, Thooran is an acknowldeged poet and composer. Analogous to Tyagarajah's 'Santhamulekha, Soukyamu ledhu', Thooran's 'Santhamillamal sukham undo?' (Nattakurinji) stresses that there is no joy without patience and no contentment amidst worries. Deep philosophical truths lay hidden in his simple devotional songs. Musical aesthtics and bhava find abundant evidence in his compositions.

With profound poetic talents, he had to seek like Arunachala Kavirayar outside help to set his songs to tune as he was not a musician. He availed of the services of Sivaramakrishna Ayyar as guru and choreographer. (Sivaramakrishnan was born in 1913 at Mavelikara in Kerala and had joined Sri Ramakrishna Vidyalaya as music teacher in 1937). Thooran had also availed of the services of senior musicians like K.V. Narayanaswamy, T.M. Theagarajan, T.K. Govinda Rao and T.V. Sankaranarayanan to set his songs to music.

Eminent musicians like Tiger Varadachariar, Musiri Subramania Ayyar and Semmangudi Srinivasa Ayyar had spoken highly of his compositions. His songs have been brought out in five volumes titled 'Isai Mani Manjari'. Annamalai University, Alliance Company, Tamil Isai Sangham and Tamil Writers' Association have brought out his works. His publications include 'Thooran Stories' (1962), 'Nalla Nalla Paattu' (1965), 'Call of the Wild' and 'Bharati' for children.

His claim to fame rests on his memorable contributions to Tamil. he was Chief Editor, Tamil Encyclopaedia during 1948-1978 and the encyclopaedia went into ten huge volumes. The credit for bringing out the first-ever Children's Encyclopaedia in Tamil in ten volumes also goes to him. His life was one of fulfilment and enduring contribution of intellectual excellence. The moral code of conduct he set for himself was high. When T.S. Avinashilingam Chettiar granted him a salary of Rs.30, he took only Rs.15 per mensem. This reminds one of the former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Sastri, Gottuvadyam Sakharama Rao and Violin Sundaresa Ayyar of Tiruvalangadu and men of such unstained galactic stream.

Posts Held:
Teacher in Bobichettipalayam - 4 years
Warden & Teacher, Sri Ramakrishna Vidyalaya, Perianaickenpalayam - 15 years
Chief Editor, Tamil Encyclopaedia - 1948-1978
Chief Editor, Tamil Kalai Kalanjiam, a prestigious journal

Honours & Titles:
Padma Bhushan by President of India 1968
Isai Perarignar by Tamil isai Sangham 1972
Kalaimamani by TamilNadu Eyal Isai Nataka Mandram 1970
Annamali Chettiar Award by MAC Charities 1978

Thoorans's multi-sided interests covered the deliberations and activities of The All India Radio
Tamil Nadu Eyal Isai Nataka Mandram
Tamil Isai Sangham
Centre of College of Carnatic Music
Tamil Kalluri, etc.

Mudra:

Compositions:

  1. Adum perumAnE - tODi
  2. ambalattil ADum - tODi
  3. amudUrunan tamizh - nATa
  4. ANDavanE sharaNam - shuddhadhanyAsi
  5. anjalenraruLvAi - suvarNadIpaka
  6. anjiyanjiyE - bhairavi
  7. annai vANiyin - shIlAngi
  8. ari mAdhavA - tODi
  9. ariyinba nAmam - valaji
  10. ArO nIyena - hEmavati
  11. ayyA nan - bahudAri
  12. azindiDum inbattil - shuddhasAvEri
  13. bhuvana mOhanamA - puSpalatikA
  14. darishanam taruvAyE - nAgasvarAvaLi
  15. dhIm dhIm dhIm (tillAnA) - udayaravicandrikA
  16. EdEdO eNNI - mOhana
  17. EkAmbara nAthA - AbhEri
  18. ellAm taruvan - kAmavardhani
  19. ellAm umadu - kAmbhOji
  20. en manam - darbAr
  21. engu nAn - dvIjavanti
  22. enna puNNiyam - dEshyaranjani
  23. ennaiyun aDiyanAi - amrtadhanyAsi
  24. eNNiDum pOdE - maNirangu
  25. eNNuvadellAm - naTabhairavi
  26. enran paDaginil Or - jayantashrI
  27. enru nin - vilAsini
  28. ettanai piravigaL - taTillatikA
  29. evvuyirkkum anbu - rAgavinOdini
  30. Ezhai azhuda - AsAvEri
  31. gaNanaathanE - saaranga
  32. gurupara guhanE - SaNmukhapriyA
  33. harihara sutanE - AbhOgi
  34. iduvOn nI - malahari
  35. inda varamaruLa - hamsAnandi
  36. inda vEDam - dEvamanOhari
  37. inda vELaiyil - mOhana
  38. inda vIDunran - dEvagAndhAri
  39. ini inda vAzhvil - kEdAragauLa
  40. iniyEdu kavalai - gambhIranATa
  41. innamum umadu - hamsAnandi
  42. iraivan urai - jayamanOhari
  43. jaya shrI rAmakrSNa - madhyamAvati
  44. jnAna paNDitA - janasammOdini
  45. kadir vElavA - shankarAbharaNa
  46. kai koDuppAyE - ranjani
  47. kaiyurai koNDu vandEn - saurASTra
  48. kAla kAlan - aThANA
  49. kalai inbamE - hamsadhvani
  50. kalai maghaLE - jaganmOhini
  51. kaliyuga varadan - brindaavana saaranga
  52. kandanai kANAmal - hamsadhvani
  53. kAriruL sherindu - ravisvarUpiNi
  54. kazhanigaL shUzh - simhEndramadhyam
  55. konji konji - khamAs
  56. kuriyonru kUriDuvAi - pUrNacandrikA
  57. kuzhalOshai kUTTi - simhEndramdhyam
  58. kuzhandaip-paruvam - bhairavi
  59. manadu kalangAdE - bilahari
  60. manamirangAdadu - punnAgavarALi
  61. mandira vaDivanE - saurASTra
  62. mangaLamE shubha - saurASTra
  63. muraleedhara gOpaala - maanD
  64. muruga un - rAmapriyA
  65. murugaa murugaa enraal - saavEri
  66. murugan tuNai - pUrvikalyANi
  67. namakkoru kuraiyEdu - kAmavardhani
  68. nAnoru shiru - cakravAka
  69. nIngAdenranai - vakuLAbharaNa
  70. nIyE tuNai - shuddhamanOhari
  71. oru nAzhi - dharmavati
  72. oruvarum ariyAdu - sAmantadIparam
  73. pAmbaNi pittanai - bhUSAvaLi
  74. pazhani ninDra - kaapi
  75. pazhani ninra - kApi
  76. piccai eDukka - rAgamAlikA
  77. pirar sEvaiyE - kharaharapriyA
  78. rAja rAjEshvari - Anndabhairavi
  79. sArathiyAi - vandanadhAriNi
  80. sattiyamE vellum - manOhari
  81. sEvaDi malar - ravicandrikA
  82. sharaNam sharaNam - asAvEri
  83. sheri iruTkAnil - bhAgyashabari
  84. shinamE sherum - bilahari
  85. shiru malarE - malayamAruta
  86. shrI venkaTEshvarA - kalyANi
  87. shumai peridenrE - navarasakannaDa
  88. sOmanai aNipera - kApi
  89. taayE tripurasundari - sudda saavEri
  90. taruNamidu tAnaiyyA - shankarAbharaNa
  91. tAyinaik-kANAda - shankarAbharaNa
  92. tinai mEyum - mandAri
  93. tiruvE unadaruL - kalyANi
  94. tiruvuLLa karuttenna - AbhOgi
  95. uNmai inraindEn - shuddhabangALa
  96. unnaruL illAmal - kAmbhOji
  97. varuvAi enrE - rItigauLa
  98. varuvAr varuvAr - kanakasAvEri
  99. vazhi kATTum tArakai - cArukEsi
  100. vAzhiya ulagam - cakravAka
  101. vAzhvinil tunbam - Arabhi
  102. vEl vAngu - janaranjani
  103. vElavA shUranenum - hamsAnandi
  104. vElavanai - rAmapriyA
  105. veNNai tiruDi - bhavapriyA
  106. veTri aruLum - kEdAragauLa
  107. vEzha mukhanE - saurASTra
  108. vidai pOlavE - madhyamAvati
  109. vIra vAzhvE - bilahari


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updated on 02/21/2016