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Famous Carnatic Composers - BR


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Photo courtesy of Bhajana Sampradaya.
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Badraacala Raamadaas - Popularly known as Bhakta Raamadaas, he was born Gopanna to Linganna Mantri (a surname he kept as a result of one of his forebears being a minister at the court of a king) & Kadamba (sister of Madanna, a brahmin minister to TaniShah), in 1620 in Nelakondapalli, a small village in Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Since childhood, he imbibed his family's interest in spirituality and composed several keertanas on Raama. His devotion to Vaikunta Rama at the temple at Bhadrachalam, a small village in the middle of the jungle on the northern banks of the holy river Godhavary, earned him his name Bhadraacala Raamadaas. His guru was Raghunatha Bhattacharya.

During the reign of Abdul Hasan Tana Shah,(the nawab of the Qutub Shahi Dynasty at Golconda), Ramadas (Gopanna), thanks to his uncle Madanna, was appointed as a Tahsildar at Bhadrachalam, a pretty and picturesquely situated temple town on the Godavari river. Ramadas was always distracted and his intense love for Lord Rama compelled him to build a temple at Bhadrachalam. He collected money for the construction from the citizens, but didn't have enough. So he borrowed from the tax revenue of the nawab and gave his god a worthy abode, vowing to return the money. The nawab was furious and sentenced Ramadas to 12 years in prison. Raamadaas thus earned the name Bandekhana Raamadaas. Frustated at god's indifference to his pleadings, Ramadas composed some of the finest keertanas in his prison cell (reminding Raama of his services in Ishvaku Kula Tilaka).

It is said that Raama & Lakshmana in the guise of two youngsters paid up his dues and got his release papers. The golden coins paid by Raama are known as Ram Tanka coins .They can be seen even today. These coins have the Pattabhishekam scene on one side and the picture of another Rama Bhaktha, Hanuman, on the other side. The nawab was moved and recognized the greatness of Raamadaas and released him immediately and gave him land around Bhadraacalam to continue his dedicated service to Bhadraacala Raamamoorty. Raamadaas spent the rest of his life on these lands and composed further moving poems that were to inspire Tyaagaraaja: in ksheera saagara sayana in dEvagaandhaari, he says "Dhirudau Ramadasuni Bandhamu dirchinadi Vinnanura Rama?" (O Rama! I have heard how You obtained the release of the bold Ramadas from his prison life) ; in brindaavanalOla in tODi, in kaligiyundE gada in keeravaaNi, in Emi dova balkuma in saaranga and in Prahlaada Bhakti Vijayam he says "kaliyugamuna vara bhadra calamuna nelakonna raamacandruni pada bhaktula kella varudanandagi velasina shree raamadaasu vinutintu madin" (I praise Sri Raamadaas, who shines in this world as the supreme devotee of Sri Raamacandra, who shines forth from his seat at Bhadraacalam in this kali Yuga).

Other compositions are positive invocations, favored by traveling minstrels, including the Tondaiman rulers of PudukoTTai in Tamil Nadu, who popularized his songs. Among his other accomplishments is the creation of the whole Ramayana story in the form of a prose-poem, a Choornika. Ramadas described himself in this way in the last verse of his Dasarathi Satakam: "Allana Linga Mantri Suthudu(son), Atreya Gothrudu, Adi Sakha , Kancherla Kulothbhavudu, Gopakavindrudu." Bhadraacala Raamadaas lived for 68 years.

Mudra: Bhadraadivaasa, Ramadas

Compositions:

  1. aalOla tulasi - shankaraabharaNam
  2. aDugu daaTi - mOhanam
  3. amma nannubrOvavE - saavEri
  4. antaa raamamayam - aananda bhairavi, kaamavardhani
  5. bhajarE shreeraamam - kalyaaNi
  6. caraNamulE nammiti - kaapi
  7. dasharatha raama - shankaraabharaNam, kaapi
  8. deena dayaaLO - bhairavi, kaapi
  9. dinamE sudinamu - kaapi
  10. E teeruga - naadanaamakriyaa
  11. EDanunnaaDO - naaTTai kurinji
  12. ee vELa nannu - kamaas
  13. Emayya raama - kaambhOji
  14. ennagaanu raama bhajana - kaamavardhani
  15. entO mahaanubhaavuDavu - shankaraabharaNam
  16. Etiki dayaraaduraa - mukhaari
  17. evaru dooshincinanEmi - aananda bhairavi
  18. garuDagamana raaraa - shuruTTi, kaamavardhani
  19. hari hari raama raama - dhanyaasi
  20. itaramu leruganayyaa - shankaraabharaNam, naadanaamakriyaa
  21. kaakutstha tilakuDu - asaavEri
  22. kamalanayana vaasudEva - shenjuruTTi
  23. mithilEsha tanaya - kaambhOji
  24. muccaTaina naaDavEmiraa - husEni, naadanaamakriyaa
  25. naa moraalakimpa - vasantaa
  26. naaraayaNa naaraayaNa - shankaraabharaNam
  27. nammina vaarini - dhanyaasi
  28. nannu brOvumani - kalyaaNi
  29. narahari dEvaa - yaman kalyaaNi
  30. narulaara cEDi - shankaraabharaNam
  31. O raama nee - yamunaa kalyaaNi
  32. O raghunandanA - madyamaavati
  33. O raghuveera - kEdaara gowLa
  34. paahi maam raamaayaNTE - yadukula kaambhOji
  35. paahi raama prabhO - madyamaavati
  36. paalayamaam shree - madyamaavati
  37. paavana raama - dhanyaasi
  38. palukE bangaara maayenaa - aananda bhairavi
  39. raama daivashikhaamaNee - tODi
  40. raama raama bhadraacala - neelaambari, aahiri
  41. raama raama raama - mukhaari
  42. raama raama seetaaraama - aananda bhairavi
  43. raama raama shreeraama - dhanyaasi
  44. raama sudhaambudi - saavEri, madyamaavati
  45. raamaa dayajooDavE - dhanyaasi
  46. raamaa naa manavi - aananda bhairavi, asaavEri
  47. raamabhadra raaraa - shankaraabharaNam
  48. raamajOgi mandu - vasantaa, kamaas
  49. raamakrshNa gOvinda - dhanyaasi
  50. raaraa naavenna - kaambhOji
  51. rakshincamanu mrokkeda - sahaanaa
  52. seetaaraama seetaaraama - husEni
  53. shree raama naamamu - naadanaamakriyaa
  54. shree raamula - saavEri
  55. swaami nanu - shuruTTi
  56. taaraka mantramu - dhanyaasi
  57. tagunayya dasharatha - shankaraabharaNam


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updated on 09/11/2011